The following vocabularies for IELTS writing task 1 are grouped as Noun, Verb, Adjective, Adverb, and Phrase to help you improve your vocabulary and understanding of the usages of these while describing a graph.
- A growth: There was a growth in the earning of the people of the city at the end of the year.
- An increase: Between the noon and evening, there was an increase in the temperature of the coast area and this was probably because of the availability of the sunlight at that time.
- A rise: A rise of the listener in the morning can be observed from the bar graph.
- An improvement: The data show that there was an improvement in traffic condition between 11:00 am till 3:00 pm.
- A progress: There was a progress in the law and order of the city during the end of the last year.
- A surge: From the presented information, it is clear that there was a surge in the number of voters in 1990 compared to the data given for the previous years.
- A rapid increase/ a rapid growth/ a rapid improvement: There was a rapid growth in the stock value of the company ABC during the December of the last year.
- N.B: Following adjectives can be used before the above nouns to show a rapid growth/ increase of something:
- Rapid, Sudden, Steady, Noticeable, Mentionable, Tremendous, huge, enormous, massive, vast, gigantic, monumental, incredible, fabulous, great etc.
(The above list is the words which are actually adjective and can be used before nouns to show the big changes)
- A/ The peak: Visitors number reached a peak in 2008 and it exceeded 2 million.
- Top/ highest/ maximum: The oil prices reached the top/ highest in 1981 during the war.
N.B: Some of the words to present the highest/ top of something are given below:
- Apex, pyramid, zenith, acme, obelisk, climax, needle, spire, vertex, summit, tower, most, greatest, max, tops, peak, height, crown…
- A fluctuation: There was a fluctuation of the passenger numbers who used the railway transportation during the year 2003 to 2004.
- A variation: A variation on the shopping habit of teenagers can be observed from the data.
- A disparately/ dissimilarity/ an inconsistency: The medicine tested among the rabbits shows an inconsistency of the effect it had.
- Stability: The data from the line graph show a stability of the price in the retail market from January till June for the given year.
- A plateau: As is presented in the line graph, there was a plateau of the oil price from 1985 to 1990.
- A fall: There was a fall in the price of the energy bulbs in 2010 which was less than $5.
- A decline: A decline occurred after June and the production reached to 200/day for the next three months.
- A decrease: After the initial four years, the company’s share price increased, and there was a decrease in the bearish market.
Describe trends in a graph using noun and verb
|Increased (to)||An increase|
|Rose (to)||A rise|
|Climbed (to)||An upward trend|
|Went up (to)||A growth|
|Boomed (to)||A boom/ A dramatic increase|
|Decreased (to)||A decrease|
|Declined (to)||A decline|
|Fell (to)||A fall|
|Reduce (to)||A reduction|
|Dipped (to)||A dip|
|Dropped (to)||A drop|
|Went down (to)||A downward trend|
|Slumped (to)||A slum / A dramatic fall|
|Plummeted (to)||A plummet|
|Remained stable (at)|
|Remained static (at)|
|Remained steady (at)|
|Stayed constant (at)|
|Leveled out (at)||A level out|
|Did not change||No change|
|Remained unchanged||No change|
|Maintained the same level|
|Plateaued (at)||A plateau|
|Fluctuated (around)||A fluctuation|
|Peaked (at)||The peak/ apex/ zenith/ summit/ the highest point|
|Bottomed (at)||The lowest point/ the bottom/ bottommost point|
Use “Adjective/ Adverb” to indicate the movement of a trend.
- There has been a slight increase in the unemployment rate in 1979 at which point it stood at 12%.
- The price of gold dropped rapidly over the next three years.
Use “Adjective” to modify the “Noun” form of a trend and use “Adverb” to modify the “Verb” form of a trend.
Greater or Higher
We usually use “Greater” when we compare two numbers, and “Higher” while comparing two percentages or ratio. Reversely, “Smaller or Fewer” could be used to compare two numbers and “Lower” to compare two percentages or ratios. The following table would make it clear —
|Subject||Scale (Large)||Scale (Small)|
- The number of male doctors in this city was greater than the number of female doctors.
- The number of European programmers who attended the seminar was fewer than the number of Asian programmers.
- The percentage of male doctors in this city was higher than the percentage of female doctors.
- During 2010, the inflow of illegal immigrants was lower than that of 2012.
- The birth rate in Japan in 2014 was higher than the birth rate in 2015.
Vocabulary to compare to what extent / to (/by) what degree something is greater/higher than the other.
- Overwhelmingly, Substantially, Significantly, Considerably
- Moderately, Markedly
- Hardly, Barely, Slightly, Fractionally, Marginally
Vocabulary to show the sequence
- Subsequently, Respectively, Consecutively, Sequentially
- Previous, Next, First, Second, Third, Finally, Former, Latter
“The market shares of HTC, Huawei, Samsung, Apple and Nokia in 2010 were 12%, 7%, 20%, 16% and 4% globally.”
This above sentence makes it ambiguous to understand which mobile brand had what percentage of market share. If there are more than 2 values/ figures, you should always use “consecutively/ sequentially/ respectively”. Using either of these words would eliminate any doubt about the above sentence as it will clearly state that the percentages of market shares mentioned here would match the mobile brands sequentially (i.e. first one for the first brand, the second one for the second brand and so on.)
“The market shares of HTC, Huawei, Samsung, Apple and Nokia in 2010 were 12%, 7%, 20%, 16% and 4% respectively in the global market.”
Note: You do not need to use “consecutively/ sequentially/ respectively” if there are only two values to write.
Vocabulary to show transitions
Vocabulary to describe different types of data/trends in a paragraph while showing a smooth and accurate transition is quite important. Following word(s)/ phrase(s) would help you do so in an excellent way…
- Following that
- Followed by
- Prior to
Few More Vocabularies in your report writing
- Stood at
- A marked increase
Useful phrases for describing graphs
- To level off
- To reach a plateau
- To hit the highest point
- To stay constant
- To flatten out
- To show some fluctuation
- To hit the lowest point
- Compared to
- Compared with
- Relative to
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