IELTS Listening Test 3 – Section 4

SECTION 4

Questions 31-40
Complete the notes below
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.

Behavior of Dolphins


– almost 40 species of dolphin
– found (31)
– usually in shallower seas
– carnivores

SOCIALISING
– very sociable and live in pods
– super-pods may have more than (32) dolphins
– have strong social bonds
– help other animals – Moko helped a whale and calf escape from (33)
– have been known to assist swimmers

CULTURE
– discovered in May 2005 that young bottlenose dolphins learn to (34)
– dolphins pass knowledge from mothers to daughters, whereas primates pass to (35)

AGGRESSION
– dolphins may be aggressive towards each other
-Like humans, this is due to disagreements over (36) and competition for females
– Infanticide sometimes occurs and the killing of porpoises

FOOD
– dolphins have a variety of feeding methods, some of which are (37) to one population
– Methods include:

  • herding
  • coralling
  • (38) or strand feeding
  • whacking fish with their flukes

PLAYING
– have a variety of playful activities
– common behavior with an object or small animal include:

  • carrying it along
  • passing it along
  • (39) away from another dolphin
  • throwing it out the water

– may harass other animals
– playful behavior may include other (40) such as humans

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